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Bildwortmarke: Deutscher BundestagGerman Bundestag

Parliament

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Parliamentary groups in the German Bundestag

The distribution of seats in the 19th German Bundestag based on the official results.

The distribution of seats in the 19th German Bundestag based on the official results.

© German Bundestag/Schmitz/Klimpel

There are six parliamentary groups in the current German Bundestag. The CDU/CSU is the largest group, with 246 seats, followed by the SPD, with 152 seats. Next comes the AfD with 91 seats, then the FDP with 80 seats, the Left Party with 69 seats and Alliance 90/The Greens with 67 seats. The number of seats a party has won determines the strength of its parliamentary group and the composition of the Council of Elders and the committees. At present, the German Bundestag has a total of 709 members, four of whom do not belong to any parliamentary group.

A minimum of five percent of Members of the Bundestag – generally belonging to the same party – are needed to form a parliamentary group, enabling the members of the group to cooperate in pursuing their goals. Members of the Bundestag who do not belong to any party or are not part of a parliamentary group are classified as “non-affiliated”.

Political parties are associations of citizens with similar political goals. The members of a party can either win direct seats or be elected to the Bundestag from party lists. 

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