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After the election, the distribution of seats between the parties is calculated.
© German Bundestag/Jörg F. Müller
Half of the total of 598 Members of the Bundestag are politicians who won the most first votes in one of Germany's 299 constituencies. The other half of the Members are elected via party lists in the Länder. And there are so-called overhang and balance mandates.
The plenary chamber of the German Bundestag from above: the seats are arranged by parliamentary group
© German Bundestag/Julia Nowak/ Junophoto
a ballot paper
© picture alliance / Winfried Rothermel
© German Bundestag/ Werner Schüring
© German Bundestag/photothek